Reform failure & Classrooms


Reform Failure & Classroom: The Matrix

‘... it is more difficult to find evidence that classrooms have improved or even fundamentally changed as a result of the many reform initiatives; and indeed the persistent failure of educational change is a common theme in the literature (Sarason 1990, Fullan 1993, Cuban 1998, Spillane 1999) (Wallace 2011).




You take the blue pill, the story ends. You stay the same apathetic you
You take the red pill, the story begins. You transform with stimulation




Blue pill: 7 Stages of Change Inertia       Red pill: 7 Stages of Change Behaviour


  1. I don’t know: Ignorance
  2. I don’t want to know: Rejection
  3. I can’t: Inability
  4. It won’t work: Pessimism
  5. It’s too hard: Complication
  6. I couldn’t be bothered: Apathy
  7. I’ll get them back: Undermine


  1. I know I should: Knowledge
  2. I want to: Desire
  3. I can: Skills
  4. It’s worthwhile: Optimism
  5. It’s easy: Facilitation
  6. I’m joining in: Stimulation
  7. Well done: Reinforcement
(Robinson 1998)




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