Participatory Learning There is no question of whether teaching and learning via online environments is a priority. The actual question is related to the implementation of participatory online learning environments. The employment of ICT in society is moving from a technical application that enables interaction with knowledge to a cultural expression of participation. Today's students are immersed within the internet technologies. On large their preferences are to be ‘Connected and Mobile’. Their interfaces are built on ‘personalisation’. Their online participatory environments include social media, media rich creation sites, media flow platforms and game based collaboration. The employment of traditional teaching and learning practices are increasingly becoming less effective at engaging students and motivating achievement. Successful 21st Century educators are those who can learn how to, partake within and create participatory based online learning environments.